Mercury: May be visible for a few days in early December low down in the south east before sunrise, for the rest of the month Mercury will be lost in the morning twilight.

Venus: Brilliant low in the south west after sunset. Sets 11⁄2 hours after the sun by the new year.

Mars: In Virgo, Mars brightens to magnitude +0.9 and rises near midnight by the end of December.

Jupiter: In Gemini and at opposition on Jan 5, Jupiter rises at sunset by the end of the month.

Saturn: In Libra, Saturn rapidly moves into the morning sky, rising four hours before the sun at the end of December.