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Thread: China Space Station

  1. #361
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    Andrew Jones on "Why China is opening its space station to international partners"

    https://gbtimes.com/why-china-is-ope...ional-partners

    China this week opened its planned space station to international participation, in cooperation with the United Nations. The call for proposals for research to be carried out aboard the orbital facility has generally been welcomed, but what are China's motives for sharing its space station?

    In general terms, sending humans to space is incredibly challenging and risky, and therefore expensive. China, like other nations, will look to reap all the dividends possible for its investment in the Chinese Space Station (CSS), a project started in 1992 that first sought to develop the capability to put astronauts in orbit.

    While a project like the CSS builds capacity and high-technology capabilities, spurs innovation, brings scientific gains, inspires new generations and demonstrates to the domestic and international audiences what China, under Communist Party leadership is capable of, international cooperation brings further benefits, including leverage in diplomacy, but also gains in technology and experience from the outside and, potentially, sharing costs.

    Prestige and soft power will be clear pay offs China will be looking for, says Dr Bleddyn Bowen, a lecturer in International Relations at the University of Leicester in the UK.

  2. #362
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    Andrew Jones on "What we know about China's space station: modules, crew, launch plans and more"

    https://gbtimes.com/what-we-know-abo...plans-and-more

    China last week opened up its planned space station to international cooperation, with the first module set to launch in 2020. The road to this point has been long, requiring serious resources and innovation.

    China officially approved its space station programme way back in 1992, when the country's economy was around 26 times smaller in GDP terms than today.

    The ambitious three-step plan, named Project 921, involved first developing a human-rated rocket and spacecraft, orbiting Tiangong space labs as test beds and, with new, large rockets, constructing a 60-100 metric tonne modular space station in low Earth orbit.

    China launched the first Long March 2F rocket with an uncrewed test Shenzhou spacecraft in November 1999. In October 2003, Yang Liwei became first Chinese astronaut in space aboard Shenzhou 5. Tiangong-1, which recently met a fiery end, was launched in 2011 and visited by two crews in 2012 and 2013, proving lift support and docking systems. Tiangong-2, Shenzhou-11 and Tianzhou-1 further verified systems, and China is now looking to begin constructing the Chinese Space Station (CSS) starting around 2020.

  3. #363
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    There are indications that China is preparing to deorbit Tiangong-2.

    http://spacenews.com/china-appears-t...g-2-space-lab/

    China has lowered the orbit of its Tiangong-2 space lab, likely in preparation for deorbiting the orbital facility and thus averting a similar scenario to the uncontrolled re-entry of Tiangong-1 earlier this year.

    Tiangong-2 was launched in September 2016 to test advanced life support and refueling and resupply capabilities via the crewed Shenzhou-11 and uncrewed Tianzhou-1 cargo missions, in preparation for constructing a large, modular space station in low Earth orbit.

    Orbital information published by the U.S. Strategic Command’s Joint Force Space Component Command, through the Joint Space Operations Center, indicates that Tiangong-2 has moved from an altitude of around 380 by 386 kilometers down to 292 by 297 kilometers.

    No announcement regarding the status of the Tiangong-2 space lab has been made. The China Manned Space Engineering Office (CMSE), which manages China’s human spaceflight and space station related missions, did not respond to a SpaceNews request for comment.

    Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, told SpaceNews that, “it seems likely that the lowering of Tiangong-2’s orbit is the first step in safely disposing of it.”

  4. #364
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    Yang Liwei (now holds the rank of major general), director of the China Manned Space Engineering Office and the country's first astronaut, talks to the media about the CSS.

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._137310103.htm

    China is accelerating its timetable for a space station, with the core capsule expected to be launched in 2020, says Yang Liwei, director of the China Manned Space Engineering Office and the country's first astronaut.

    Yang told Chinese media recently that the two experiment modules of the space station will be sent into space in 2021 and 2022. Three or four manned missions and several cargo spacecraft are planned in 2021 and 2022.

    After construction of the main parts of the space station, a capsule holding a large optical telescope will be sent into the same orbit to fly with the station, Yang said.

    During construction of the station, the number of manned space missions will rise to about five a year, compared with once every two or three years when China began sending astronauts into space more than a decade ago. Astronaut recruitment will be expanded.

  5. #365
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    "German astronaut looks forward to working in China Space Station"

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._137361836.htm

    "I would expect to do any type of work and take the same responsibility as any Chinese astronaut in CSS (China Space Station)," said Matthias Maurer, a German astronaut.

    Maurer wishes he could work in CSS one day.

    At the European Astronaut Center (EAC) under European Space Agency (ESA), located near the West Germany's city of Cologne, Maurer told Xinhua about his expectations for CSS.

    "I want to participate in both European and non-European experiments there. Also (to) build a live video connection so that the European public can talk with the European astronauts in the CSS and see inside," Maurer said.

    Before joining the ESA in 2010, Maurer has already boasted rich international experience by studying and working in various countries including Germany, France, Spain and Britain.

  6. #366
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    "China solicits int'l cooperation experiments on space station"

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._137369711.htm

    China is asking the world to collaborate in experiments on its planned space station so as to promote international space cooperation and sustainable global development.

    The Committee on Science and Technology Experiments of the Chinese Space Station was established recently under the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST).

    The offer is open to the entire international community. Proposals and projects can be submitted online (www.css-research.cn) and peer-reviewed. The candidate projects will go through to the China Manned Space Agency.

  7. #367
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    China welcomes foreign astronauts to their CSS.

    http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Ch...nauts_999.html

    China's space station Tiangong, or Heavenly Palace, is scheduled to launch in 2022. The facility, which is expected to adhere to similar standards as the International Space Station (ISS), will be open to foreign astronauts.

  8. #368
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    China successfully tested the propulsion system for space experiment module.

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._137398469.htm

    Chinese researchers have successfully completed the first test of the propulsion system for the experiment module of the country's planned space station.

    The test consisted of eight procedures that covered all working conditions of an in-orbit experiment module. It also simulated possible errors the module may encounter in space, according to a research institute affiliated with China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC).

  9. #369
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    How time flies. It is already two years since Tiangong-2 was launched.

    https://gbtimes.com/chinas-tiangong-...-year-in-orbit

    China's second space lab, Tiangong-2, has completed its second year in orbit having carried out a range of tests instrumental to plans for a large, modular Chinese space station.

    Tiangong-2 was launched on September 15, 2016, and shortly after received two astronauts for what would become China's longest crewed mission so far, testing advanced life support required for the Chinese Space Station (CSS).
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  10. #370
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    China has announced that it will deorbit Tiangong-2 in July next year.

    https://gbtimes.com/china-will-deorb...-space-program

    China will perform a controlled deorbiting of the Tiangong-2 space laboratory in July 2019, according to officials from the China Manned Space Engineering Office (CMSEO).

    Lin Xiqiang, deputy director of CMSEO, told a press conference in Beijing on Wednesday that Tiangong-2 is functioning properly and in good condition, adding that adequate propellant remains for performing burns to deorbit the spacecraft.
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  11. #371
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    1st module of China's Space Station might be delayed due to delays in testing the Long March 5.

    https://spacenews.com/china-could-be...-be-deorbited/

    China’s plan to launch and construct a space station could be hit by a test flight delay of the launcher designed to send the modules into orbit.

    An online report by People’s Liberation Army Daily, a military newspaper, reports Lin Xiqiang, deputy director of the China Manned Space Engineering Office (CMSEO), as saying at a press conference in Beijing on Wednesday that the Long March 5B will not make its planned test launch in the first half of 2019.

    “Due to the failure of the launch of the Long March 5 remote launch vehicle, the first flight of the Long March 5B carrier rocket will be postponed. The specific implementation time needs to be clarified after coordination with relevant departments,” Xiqiang said.
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  12. #372
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    "China could expand its space station to six modules"

    https://gbtimes.com/china-could-expa...to-six-modules

    China could extend plans for its space station by adding further modules to the planned orbital complex, a senior space official has stated.

    Yang Hong, from the Institute of Manned Space System Engineering under the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), a major spacecraft maker, stated that the basic T-shape for the planned three-module Chinese Space Station (CSS) could be extended to add three more modules and greatly increase the overall mass of the orbital outpost.

    Yang presented the characteristics and functions of the 'Tiangong' (Heavenly Palace) space station at the International Astronautical Congress in Bremen, Germany on October 4.
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  13. #373
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    "36 teams across the world have applied to send experiments to the Chinese Space Station"

    https://gbtimes.com/36-teams-across-...-space-station

    A joint United Nations-China initiative to open the Chinese Space Station (CSS) to international partners has received 36 applications to send science payloads to the future orbital outpost.

    The scheme is a collaboration between the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) and the China Manned Space Agency (CMSA), which manages China's human spaceflight and space station programme.

    UNOOSA informed Gbtimes following a request for information that there had been 36 submissions spanning a wide range of areas of research which will now undergo evaluation.

    "We have received 36 applications from countries all around the world. These will need to be examined to determine whether they are eligible or not and are not available to be publicly shared. Most of the applications were joint efforts proposed by experts, researchers, professors, and/or other professionals.
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  14. #374
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    China to unveil model of the Chinese Space Station core module at the Zhuhai Airshow in Guangdong Province, which runs from November 6-11 in south China.

    https://gbtimes.com/china-to-unveil-...on-core-module

    China will unveil a full size model of the Tianhe core module of the Chinese Space Station at an airshow in November, revealing details of the 20-metric-tonne spacecraft.

    Seen in the image of the 16.6m-long Tianhe module is the wider, 4.2m-diameter resources compartment (left), the 2.8m-diameter life support and control section, and the docking hub (right), which will allow connection with further modules and visiting Shenzhou crewed spacecraft and Tianzhou cargo vessels.

    The model will be open to the public at the Zhuhai Airshow in Guangdong Province, which runs from November 6-11 in south China.
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  15. #375
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    More details of China's future space station revealed.

    http://www.china.org.cn/china/2018-1...t_67864392.htm

    The core module, Tianhe, or Harmony of Heavens, will have three parts: the connecting section, life-support and control section, and resources section, the agency said in a statement at the Fifth Manned Space Conference, which opened on Tuesday in Xi'an, Shaanxi province.

    The module will be equipped with three docking hatches reserved for visiting manned or cargo spacecraft and two berthing locations used to connect with space laboratories. There will also be a hatch for astronauts' extravehicular activities, the statement said.
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  16. #376
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    "China's core space station module, Chang'e-4 spacecraft and new launchers unveiled at Zhuhai Airshow"

    https://gbtimes.com/chinas-core-spac...w?cat=business

    Chinese space technology, including a full size model space station module, the Chang'e-4 lunar far side spacecraft and new launch vehicles, have been unveiled at the Zhuhai Airshow in southern China.

    The full size model represents the first time the 'Tianhe' core module for the future Chinese Space Station has been on display to the public.
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