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Thread: China's human spaceflight

  1. #1
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    China's human spaceflight

    China just released a video of their astronauts training.

    https://gbtimes.com/chinas-human-spa...aining-footage

    The Astronaut Centre of China has released footage of its astronauts undergoing a range of tests and training, giving a rare insight into the preparations for the country's human spaceflight missions.

    Footage shows high-G endurance, launch vibration, neutral buoyancy and sea survival training, as well as vestibular function, listening and landing impact tests.

    The video features the 11 Chinese astronauts who have been to space, aboard six Shenzhou crewed missions. A further five qualified and actively training astronauts are not shown, including Ye Guangfu who trained with ESA in an international CAVES mission.

    The video comes amid a flurry of astronaut-related news and stories from Chinese media, detailing views and information on everything from a new round of astronaut selection to views from an astronaut's daughter, and training regimens to events marking the 20th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese astronaut corps and new tasks for a new ea.

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    China to start selecting its next round of astronauts.

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._136914938.htm

    China will begin selection for the next generation of astronauts who will train to work on the country's planned space station, according to Monday's China Daily.

    Yang Liwei, deputy director of the China Manned Space Agency and the first Chinese astronaut in space, was quoted as saying the selection work will begin soon and that Chinese scientists and engineers will be eligible to apply.

    "We plan to select suitable candidates from space industry companies, research entities and universities and train them into engineers and payload specialists capable of working on the space station," he said during an open day at Beijing's Astronaut Center of China.

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    Did you know China has sent astronauts to space only 6 times so far.

    http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Ba...sions_999.html

    Since the establishment of the Taikonaut Corps of the People's Liberation Army in 1998, Chinese taikonauts have completed six manned spaceflights, conducted over 100 scientific experiments and orbited the earth for 68 days and nights

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    China's first human flight was nerve racking according the first astronaut Yang Liwei.

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._136917607.htm

    Yang Liwei felt everything vibrating violently. Experiencing acceleration of gravity at 8G, he thought his body was about to be torn apart. He couldn't move. He couldn't see.

    "I thought I'd die in that 26 seconds," China's first taikonaut Yang told Xinhua, revealing details of the country's first manned space mission, Shenzhou-5, in 2003.

    Yang, 53, said that low frequency resonance occurred when the rocket climbed to around 30 to 40 kilometers above the ground. Vibration in the spacecraft below 10 Hz can damage human's internal organs, threatening a taikonaut's life.

    "I thought I was going to die," Yang said.

    "Hold on! Just hold on for a bit longer," the only person on board told himself.

    The deep vibrations lasted for 26 seconds. When it was finally over, the then 38-year-old taikonaut felt like he had been reborn.

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    Interviews with some of the astronauts

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._136933995.htm

    I met Wang at the People's Liberation Army (PLA) Taikonaut Training Center in the north of Beijing. A sprawling, unassuming, complex with wide roads and squat buildings, it could be mistaken for a business park if not for the uniformed personnel walking between each building.

    For the duration of our interview, she sat with her back ramrod straight and her hands neatly folded in her lap, only moving periodically to retrieve her flask of hot water. Not to say she was aloof, but she exhibited a calm, controlled quality. She would tell me later that this was the primary attribute for women in her line of work.

    "We control the space craft so we cannot lose consciousness. You have to learn to control your natural reactions," she said.

    I met three taikonauts and asked each one the same question: What personal expertise do you have that makes you suitable for the program? All three were surprisingly candid, and modest. Yes, they were qualified but more than anything, they were simply born at the right time.

    "I might not be the best, but I was the most suitable at the time. It was a good time on China's journey to prosperity, and the space program was in full swing," Wang said.

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    "Chinese astronauts complete desert survival training"

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._137210499.htm

    Fifteen Chinese astronauts have just completed desert survival training deep in the Badain Jaran Desert near Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in northwest China.

    Organized by the Astronaut Center of China (ACC), the program was designed to prepare astronauts with the capacity to survive in the wilderness in the event their re-entry capsule lands off target.

    Before venturing into space, astronauts have to survive in various hostile environments as a part of their technical training. Wilderness survival training is an important part of astronaut training in space agencies worldwide, leaving space mission candidates stranded at sea, in deserts, in jungles or on glaciers.

    This is the latest survival training activity for Chinese astronauts after their sea survival training with two European astronauts in waters off the coast of Yantai in east China's Shandong Province in August 2017.
    A one minute video of the training.

    http://www.cctvplus.com/news/2018052...ml#!language=1
    Last edited by selvaarchi; 2018-May-28 at 10:48 AM.

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    China's lady astronaut in training.

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._137212435.htm

    Wang Yaping is no stranger to challenges. In her early twenties she was already a pilot for the PLA when she saw Yang Liwei, the first Chinese man in space, on TV.

    While proud of her country, she couldn't help thinking "when will China have its first woman?" From that moment she set her sights on the stars and in 2013 fulfilled her dream, becoming the second Chinese woman in space.

    Not content with smashing the glass ceiling to reach outer space, Wang Yaping's next goal is clear. "My greatest wish is to go to space one more time, maybe even go to the moon," she said.

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    China making progress in landing technology for their new crew spaceships.

    http://spacenews.com/china-claims-pr...mars-landings/

    China is claiming progress on a number of reentry and landing technologies for human spaceflight and Mars missions, underlining apparently significant plans for deep space exploration.

    The Beijing Institute of Space Mechanics and Electronics (BISME) announced in May that it had performed an airdrop test of a parachute for two new-generation crewed spacecraft, which will be larger successors to the current Shenzhou capsules. The test was reported to have verified the strength and function of the parachute.

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    "China to launch unmanned test flight of next-generation crewed spacecraft in 2019"

    https://spacenews.com/china-to-launc...craft-in-2019/

    China will perform a first test flight of a full-scale 20-metric ton model of a successor to its Shenzhou spacecraft for human spaceflight next year, a senior official at the craft’s designer said last week.

    The next-generation crewed spacecraft will be the payload for the first flight of the Long March 5B launch vehicle, a variant of the Long March 5 and designed for lofting large modules of the planned Chinese Space Station (CSS) into low Earth orbit.

    In 2016, China use the first flight of the Long March 7 medium-lift rocket to launch a scale model of a new return module to test re-entry and landing profile for new spacecraft.

    “The full model will be tested next year,” Li Ming, vice president of the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), told SpaceNews, and confirmed the mission would include the full spacecraft including re-entry and orbital modules.
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    "China tests parachute and landing systems for next-generation spacecraft"

    https://gbtimes.com/china-tests-para...ion-spacecraft

    China has announced progress in testing landing systems for a new generation of spacecraft for human spaceflight, Chinese media report.

    The tests verified recovery technology for the crew and reentry module for the new generation spacecraft, namely new parachute systems and an airbag landing system.

    The development and testing of the systems has been carried out by the Beijing Institute of Space Mechanics and Electronics (BISME), also known as the 508th institute of the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST), China’s main body for researching, developing and manufacturing spacecraft.

    A helicopter was used to drop a 7-metric-tonne model spacecraft in order to test the systems, according to the Chinese language Science and Technology Daily, which also states that this makes the capabilities similar to that of NASA's Orion spacecraft.
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    China's journey to manned space flight. It was not all smooth sailing.

    http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/20181...303290f5d.html

    As China marches toward its goal of building a manned space station, researchers and engineers look back on the progress in the nation's manned space program, reviewing difficulties along the road to success.
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    China to test new generation human spacecraft.

    https://twitter.com/AJ_FI/status/121...opic%3D43133.0

    China is preparing for a pretty cool test of a new-generation spacecraft for human spaceflight. The 8.8-metre-long, 21.6 tonne spacecraft is now at Wenchang spaceport with its Long March 5B launcher soon on the way. Images
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    "China's experimental manned spaceship undergoes tests"

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/202..._138912053.htm

    A trial version of China's new-generation manned spaceship is being tested at the Wenchang Space Launch Center on the coast of south China's island province of Hainan, according to the China Manned Space Agency (CMSA).

    The experimental spacecraft is scheduled to launch with no crew in mid to late April on the maiden flight of the Long March-5B carrier rocket, a variant of the Long March-5, China's largest carrier rocket.

    The development team is pulling out all the stops for the mission amid the coronavirus pandemic, said the CMSA.

    The spacecraft is being developed for the operation of China's space station and future manned space exploration. It will be larger than China's current Shenzhou manned spaceship and reusable.
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    "China to Test Next Generation Crew Space Capsule"

    https://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2020...-crew-capsule/

    China is planning to launch a new generation crew space capsule at 10:06 UTC on May 5, 2020, using the first Long March-5B rocket. The launch will take place from the LC101 Launch Complex of the Wenchang Spaceflight Launch Center, in Hainan.
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    "China's experimental new-generation manned spaceship works normally in orbit"

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/202..._139035797.htm

    The trial version of China's new-generation manned spaceship is now working normally in orbit, having completed a series of operations as planned, according to the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) on Wednesday.

    The experimental spaceship was launched without crew by China's new large carrier rocket Long March-5B from the Wenchang Space Launch Center on the coast of south China's island province of Hainan on Tuesday evening.

    So far, the new spaceship, developed by the China Academy of Space Technology under the CASC, has unfolded its solar panels and positioned them toward the sun, deployed its relay antenna and established a relay communication link, as well as conducted autonomous orbit control four times.
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    "Re-entry module of prototype spacecraft makes landing"

    http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/20200...2411543eb.html

    The re-entry module of the prototype of China's new-generation manned spacecraft successfully returned to Earth on Friday afternoon, according to the Beijing Aerospace Control Center.

    The center said in a statement at the beginning of the re-entry process, the prototype activated its brake engines after receiving control signals from the center, shortly after starting to move toward the Earth.

    The re-entry module then separated from the prototype's service module and began to fall back to the atmosphere.

    As the module approached the ground, it released parachutes to decelerate before finally landing at 1:49 pm on the Dongfeng Landing Site in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region.

    The craft was spotted and recovered by personnel from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center.
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    An article that explains what was in space on the test spacecraft. The article is in Chinese and I translated using google.

    http://www.cmse.gov.cn/xwzx/zhxw/202...508_46521.html

    At 13:49 on May 8, 2020, the return module of China's new-generation manned spacecraft test vessel successfully landed in the predetermined area of ​​the Dongfeng landing site, and the test was a complete success.

    The test ship was launched from the Wenchang Space Launch Site at 18:00 on May 5th, and was in orbit for 2 days and 19 hours. Key technology. At the same time, in order to give full play to the benefits of the mission, the test ship was also equipped with many "passengers" and carried out on-track verification of new technologies and new products.

    What was brought to space on the test ship? Take a look!
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    More from Space News.

    https://spacenews.com/new-chinese-sp...unar-missions/

    A successful high-speed reentry and landing of a new Chinese spacecraft Friday marked a step toward the country sending astronauts to the moon and deep space.

    The new spacecraft was launched by the first Long March 5B heavy-lift rocket Monday. The uncrewed spacecraft performed seven orbit-raising maneuvers to reach a final apogee of around 8,000 kilometers (4,970 miles).

    A deorbit burn was completed at 1:21 a.m. Eastern, followed by separation of the service and crew modules at 1:33 a.m.

    The new spacecraft slowed its descent with three parachutes, whereas the smaller, 8-ton Shenzhou predecessor uses just one. Airbags were deployed to cushion the landing in a further upgrade on the older craft.

    Touchdown of the crew module in the desert Dongfeng landing area occurred at 1:49 a.m., the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. (CASC) confirmed shortly after. The reentry speed was greater than 9 kilometers per second, according to CASC.
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    Higher that the Orion EFT test, or so I heard

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    Also included it this test flight was a 3D printing.

    http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/202..._139043414.htm

    A "space 3D printer" developed independently by China and two samples it printed in orbit successfully returned to Earth Friday, according to the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST).

    They came back in the return capsule of China's new-generation manned spaceship for testing, which was launched from the Wenchang Space Launch Center in southern China's island province of Hainan on Tuesday and touched down at the Dongfeng landing site in northern China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region on Friday.

    It is China's first in-orbit 3D printing test, which has realized space 3D printing of continuous carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites for the first time in the world.
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  21. #21
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    Quote Originally Posted by publiusr View Post
    Higher that the Orion EFT test, or so I heard
    Yes it was - highlights mine.

    https://arstechnica.com/science/2020...er-a-key-test/

    For China this was a historic flight, sending an uncrewed prototype of its next-generation spacecraft to an altitude of 8,000km. The mission also served to test a new variant of the country's most powerful rocket, the Long March 5B, which also was deemed a success.

    According to Space News, the spacecraft's reentry velocity was 9km/s as it approached from a higher orbit. This is on par with the high-speed return made by NASA's Orion spacecraft during its uncrewed Exploration Flight Test-1 mission in 2014, when the capsule reached a peak altitude of 5,800km.
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    The items recovered from the test flight were returned to their owners.

    http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/20200...241159827.html

    Chinese engineers opened the re-entry module of the prototype of China's new-generation manned spacecraft that returned to Earth earlier this month, distributing items inside it to their owners.

    Dozens of items carried by the re-entry module were delivered to related parties at a ceremony on Friday afternoon at the China Academy of Space Technology in Beijing-nationals flags of Pakistan and Argentina were given to diplomats from the two countries; a 3D printer was handed over to the Chinese Academy of Sciences; plant seeds were returned to researchers from several provinces; and scientific experimental equipment was delivered to their developers.
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  23. #23
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    "Interior of China's new-generation manned spacecraft's return capsule makes debut". A 50 second video is included.

    https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-06-1...t4I/index.html

    China has revealed the interior layout of the return capsule of its experimental new-generation manned spaceship for the first time.

    The return capsule, which landed safely on the Dongfeng landing site on May 8, survived the searing 3,000-degree-Celsius heat of atmospheric reentry.

    Though left with some serious scar burns, the capsule has kept all key equipment and components in good condition, with a domestically-developed thermal protection material covering it.

    The return capsule is designed to be able to transport both astronauts and cargo.
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