One of the things to do when giving physics talks at the American Association of Physics Teachers Meetings is not to violate the precepts of Special Relativity, nor of General Relativity, nor of the Hierarchy of Conservation Laws that govern the interaction of matter and energy. In each of the talks I've given, I would preface my remarks with that comment, and have tried to stick to that general principle in my posts here over ~14 years.
So, after waiting 38 years to prove a particular point, it is finally true, at > 7 sigma....(7.2 according to Kate Scholberg). SEE:

Emergent Quantum Theory of Gravitation Predicts at 7 Sigma

by George Peterson June 6, 2019



1. In the early eighties, the Standard Model of Particle Physics still had no firm attachment to gravitation. In Howard Georgi ‘s article in April of 1981 in Scientific American, the SU(5) symmetry, held sway with a unification of the electroweak forces, culminating shortly thereafter with the discovery of the necessary W+, W-, and Z bosons at CERN, and Fermilab. Gravitation was still holding out. SEE: https://www.jstor.org/stable/2496437...n_tab_contents

2. There was a clue, though. In the Georgi article, the three right-handed quarks, and the positron, and the electron-type anti-neutrino all coupled to the Z. That interaction was universal, as are gravitational effects. The Z as a neutrino/antineutrino pair had been identified by George Gamow in the 1962 reader “Gravity” for the Project Physics Course, SEE: https://archive.org/details/Gravity_857 as a candidate with the characteristics for a graviton, and the “Key to the Universe” text by Nigel Callder identified the Z as any particle/antiparticle pair. SEE: https://www.google.com/search?q=book...o6VNwC9U9DF1M:

3. So, a simplistic unified field theory, incorporating the Z as a graviton, was constructed during the subsequent year (1981-1982. AER LLC.) Realizing that accelerating a mass in Minkowski space-time should cause a gravitational wave in GR, but, that that same acceleration should change the isotropy of an ambient isotropic neutrino sea by blue shifting the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the fore hemisphere vs redshifting the SED of the trailing hemisphere, a prediction that a change in the relative isotropy of the ambient neutrino sea would be felt simultaneously as a gravitational wave by a sensitive gravimeter. At the time the choice was a Mossbauer detector, used in the Harvard Towers experiment @ Lyman Lab by Rebka and Pound for the first gravitational redshift experiment, circa 1962. SEE: http://www.mrelativity.net/Papers/29...ound_Rebka.pdf A visit to the Department of Energy Office, Boston, then under Duane Day, and the Small Business Innovative Research Program showed that peer review was summarily unimpressed, and uninterested in Phase 1 funding for a feasibility study. Such is the life of many a new idea.


4. Fast forward to 1988, Tufts University, The Neutrino 88 Conference. Supernova 1987A had occurred in February of 1987 as Sanduleak 69 202, a blue supergiant , had gone off in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The MIT lecture by John N. Bahcall shortly after the event showed coincidences between the neutrino detectors at the IMB, and Kamiokande neutrino detectors . At Tufts, a talk by Guido Pizzella, pointed out additional coincidences between the Rome and Maryland , (Joseph Weber),aluminum bar gravitational wave detectors, and the neutrino detectors. Much controversy arose as to whether the bars provided sufficient sensitivity to claim the coincidental detections at 3.2 sigma, then the gold standard for a peer-reviewed publishable result. Although the Boston Globe carried it in its Sci-Tech section, professional acceptance for Pizzella would be a tougher road. Eventually he published in Il Nuovo Cimento C, and, over the years, in other physics journals, including the Astrophysical Journal. Part of the issue at the time was journals switching over to 5 sigma requirements for their gold standard, and a minimal of 10 seen events for particle physics for publication.



5. The other part was that Pizzella et al also found “ anomalous events” in the near- term hours leading up to the explosion of SN1987a, and that those events confounded theorists who had at the time no expectation of a preliminary interaction before a prompt neutrino burst, and commensurately, a gravitational wave with explosion. Pizzella stuck to his guns…he had seen something. He republished statistical coincidences at 5 sigma, took some more flak from skeptics, as is their just do to do so in science circles for being a skeptic makes for good science . SEE: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1603.05076.pdf

6. Now a peer reviewed article on “Signals” … events during the final stages of nucleosynthesis leading up to a core collapse supernova, predicts the detection of presupernova events that were seen by Pizzella in the few hours before SN1987a, and were recently republished in cohorts with Palleotta at 5 sigma.. SEE: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1709.01877.pdf




7. Enter COHERENT, the experiment at the Spallation Neutron Source Center, Oak Ridge, TN. After using an accelerator to generate a spray of neutrons, that then decay to yield a predictable, repetitive, utilitarian flux of electron-type antineutrinos in a region known as “Neutrino Alley”, analysis of the bumps indicated successful detection of coherent, elastic, neutrino/nucleus scattering. During her talk at MIT’s Thursday Physics Colloquiem, APRIL 26, 2018. SEE: https://news.uchicago.edu/story/worl...ions-particles
Previous detector size…SEE: SuperK…SEE: https://phys.org/news/2016-11-super-...supernova.html Principal Investigator Kate Scholberg found coherent scattering of neutrinos occurs at cross-sections 6 orders of magnitude above standard forward scattering, confirming the predictions of :
A. coherent scattering of Daniel Freedman (1974)…
B. gravity waves coincident with neutrino bursts of..Guido Pizzella and Palleotta …
C..that a burst of neutrinos is coincident with a gravitational wave and a change in the ambient neutrino sea, respectively @ 7.2 sigma…proving the first Unified Field Theory to predict a physical effect detected at six major independent experiments around the world in February of 1987, during SN1987a. Those labs were the Rome and Maryland (Joseph Weber) aluminum bar gravitational wave detectors, and the Mont Blanc, IMB, Kamiokande, and Baksan Neutrino Detectors. 7.2 Sigma, from the talk of Kate Scholberg, April 26,2018, and published by Akimov et al. SEE: https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.09459
SEE: Seven Sigma : https://calendar.mit.edu/event/physi...g#.XPllTf57ncs

8.Gravitation is then seen as an emergent phenomenon from the ambient neutrino sea and searches for the neutrino floor indicating the higher coherent and incoherent, elastic and inelastic contributions can unify the forces in nature, by showing that gravity is actually an emergent form of the weak interaction. This result bears out the recent work of Vadim A. Bednyakov and Dmitry V. Naumov on the Coherent and Incoherent, Elastic and Inelastic Scattering of Neutrinos off Nuclei.
The coherent cross-sections are six orders of magnitude larger than the forward scattering cross-sections (a million times ) and the incoherent cross-sections are about 10-15% of that, so about 100,000 to 150,000 times the forward scattering rate.
SEE: https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.08768
SEE ALSO : https://arxiv.org/abs/1904.03119


pete